Mortality Estimation for National Populations: Methods and Applications

Christopher J. L. Murray Alan D. Lopez Haidong Wang


Mortality Estimation for National Populations: Methods and Applications

Mortality Estimation for National Populations: Methods and Applications

  • Title: Mortality Estimation for National Populations: Methods and Applications
  • Author: Christopher J. L. Murray Alan D. Lopez Haidong Wang
  • ISBN: 9780295991832
  • Page: 303
  • Format: Hardcover

Mortality rate Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths in general, or due to a specific cause in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.Mortality rate is typically expressed in units of deaths per , individuals per year thus, a mortality rate of . out of , in a population of , would mean . deaths per year in that Home UNICEF DATA Levels and Trends in Child Mortality An estimated . million children under years of age died in , or every seconds, according to the new report. Maternal mortality UNICEF DATA Nov , Definition The maternal mortality ratio MMR is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per , live births during the same time period It depicts the risk of maternal death relative to the number of live births and essentially captures the risk of death in a single pregnancy or a single live birth. The Effect of Spironolactone on Morbidity and Mortality in Aldosterone has an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure Aldosterone promotes the retention of sodium, the loss of magnesium and potassium, sympathetic activation



Monitoring progress toward global health and development goals requires a basic understanding of levels, patterns, and trends in mortality National health, population, and social services planning also depend on reliably measuring mortality rates Yet current practice in estimating mortality levels in populations does not adequately capture the impact of recent public heaMonitoring progress toward global health and development goals requires a basic understanding of levels, patterns, and trends in mortality National health, population, and social services planning also depend on reliably measuring mortality rates Yet current practice in estimating mortality levels in populations does not adequately capture the impact of recent public health crises, including the AIDS epidemic, war, and natural disasters Mortality Estimation for National Populations provides a comprehensive methodological reassessment on how mortality is measured, resulting in new, unbiased, and comparable estimates of age specific mortality rates, life expectancy by age, and other health indicators for 187 national populations A novel feature of this work is the estimation of annual mortality rates from 1970 to 2011, providing important perspectives on the pace of mortality change in countries To provide better age and sex specific measurements for all cause mortality, this book thoroughly updates formal demographic methods including summary birth history, sibling survival, and death distribution methods Innovative statistical models such as spatial temporal and Gaussian process regressions are used as data synthesizing tools New demographic models to estimate mortality for neonatal age groups and new model life tables are developed and applied Validation studies demonstrate that these new methods provide estimates with higher predictive validity than those based on conventional methods Detailed case studies of the methods application to Ethiopia, India, and Nicaragua are included.Christopher J.L Murray is professor of global health and director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation IHME at the University of Washington Alan D Lopez is head of the School of Population Health at the University of Queensland, Australia Haidong Wang is assistant professor of global health at IHME.


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