Letters and Other Writings of James Madison Volume 4

James Madison


Letters and Other Writings of James Madison Volume 4

Letters and Other Writings of James Madison Volume 4

  • Title: Letters and Other Writings of James Madison Volume 4
  • Author: James Madison
  • ISBN: 9781230266015
  • Page: 475
  • Format: Paperback



This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book without typos from the publisher Not indexed Not illustrated 1865 edition Excerpt question was brought before Congress at its first session by Doctor Ramsay, who contested the election of William Smith who, though born in South CaThis historic book may have numerous typos and missing text Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book without typos from the publisher Not indexed Not illustrated 1865 edition Excerpt question was brought before Congress at its first session by Doctor Ramsay, who contested the election of William Smith who, though born in South Carolina, had been absent at the date of independence The decision was, that his birth in the Colony made him a member of the society in its new as well as its original state To go to the bottom of the subject, let us consult the theory which contemplates a certain number of individuals as meeting and agreeing to form one political society, in order that the rights, the safety, and the interest of each may be under the safeguard of the whole The first supposition is, that each individual being previously independent of the others, the compact which is to make them one society must result from the free consent of every individual But as the objects in view could not be attained if every measure conducive to them required the consent of every member of the society, the theory farther supposes, either that it was a part of the original compact, that the will of the majority was to be deemed the will of the whole, or that this was a law of nature, resulting from the nature of political society itself, the offspring of the natural wants of man Whatever be the hypothesis of the origin of the lex majoris partis, it is evident that it operates as a plenary substitute of the will of the majority of the society for the will of the whole society and that the sovereignty of the society, as vested in and exercisable by the majority, may do anything that could be rightfully done by the unanimous concurrence of the members the reserved rights of individuals conscience, for example in becoming parties to the original compact being beyond the legitimate reach of sovereignty, wherever vested or however


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