The State and Revolution

In July 1917, when Russia s provisional government issued a warrant for his arrest, Lenin fled from St Petersburg later that year, the October Revolution swept him to supreme power in that same city In the intervening time spent in Finland, he wrote State and Revolution.In this book Lenin provides a rationale for revolution which yields a wealth of insight into his poliIn July 1917, when Russia s provisional government issued a warrant for his arrest, Lenin fled from St Petersburg later that year, the October Revolution swept him to supreme power in that same city In the intervening time spent in Finland, he wrote State and Revolution.In this book Lenin provides a rationale for revolution which yields a wealth of insight into his political thinking He sets out trenchant views on class conflict, the lessons of earlier revolutions, and the necessity of overthrowing the dictatorship of capital in favor of a dictatorship of the proletariat As an historical as well as a political document, Lenin s work is crucial to any understanding of the Russian Revolution.Translated and edited with an introduction by Robert Service
The State and Revolution In July when Russia s provisional government issued a warrant for his arrest Lenin fled from St Petersburg later that year the October Revolution swept him to supreme power in that same city I

  • Title: The State and Revolution
  • Author: Vladimir Lenin Robert Service
  • ISBN: 9780140184358
  • Page: 303
  • Format: Paperback
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    About the Author

    Vladimir Lenin Robert Service

    Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich 1870 1924 one of the leaders of the Bolshevik party since its formation in 1903 Led the Soviets to power in October, 1917 Elected to the head of the Soviet government until 1922, when he retired due to ill health.Lenin, born in 1870, was committed to revolutionary struggle from an early age his elder brother was hanged for the attempted assassination of Czar Alexander III In 1891 Lenin passed his Law exam with high honors, whereupon he took to representing the poorest peasantry in Samara After moving to St Petersburg in 1893, Lenin s experience with the oppression of the peasantry in Russia, coupled with the revolutionary teachings of G V Plekhanov, guided Lenin to meet with revolutionary groups In April 1895, his comrades helped send Lenin abroad to get up to speed with the revolutionary movement in Europe, and in particular, to meet the Emancipation of Labour Group, of which Plekhanov head After five months abroad, traveling from Switzerland to France to Germany, working at libraries and newspapers to make his way, Lenin returned to Russia, carrying a brief case with a false bottom, full of Marxist literature.On returning to Russia, Lenin and Martov created the League for the Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class, uniting the Marxist circles in Petrograd at the time The group supported strikes and union activity, distributed Marxist literature, and taught in workers education groups In St Petersburg Lenin begins a relationship with Nadezhda Krupskaya In the night of December 8, 1895, Lenin and the members of the party are arrested Lenin sentenced to 15 months in prison By 1897, when the prison sentence expired, the autocracy appended an additional three year sentence, due to Lenin s continual writing and organising while in prison Lenin is exiled to the village of Shushenskoye, in Siberia, where he becomes a leading member of the peasant community Krupskaya is soon also sent into exile for revolutionary activities, and together they work on party organising, the monumental work The Development of Capitalism in Russia, and the translating of Sidney and Beatrice Webb s Industrial Democracy.After his term of exile ends, Lenin emigrates to M nich, and is soon joined by Krupskaya Lenin creates Iskra, in efforts to bring together the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, which had been scattered after the police persecution of the first congress of the party in 1898 After leading the October Revolution, Lenin served as the first and only chairman of the R.S.F.S.R In 1919 Lenin founded the Communist International In 1921 Lenin instituted the NEP During 1922 Lenin suffered a series of strokes that prevented active work in government While in his final year late 1922 to 1923 Lenin wrote his last articles where he outlined a programme to fight against the bureaucratization of the Commmunist Party and the Soviet state Lenin died on January 21, 1924, as a result of multiple strokes.

    550 Comment

    • Ahmad Sharabiani said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      Estado Y RevoluciÓn = The State and Revolution, Vladimir LeninThe State and Revolution (1917), by Vladimir Lenin, describes the role of the State in society, the necessity of proletarian revolution, and the theoretic inadequacies of social democracy in achieving revolution to establish the dictatorship of the proletariat.عنوانها: جهش های انقلابی؛ دولت و انقلاب (آموزش مارکسیسم در باره ی دولت و وظایف پرولتاریا در انقلا [...]

    • Jonathan said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      I lurk on Ask reading people's recommended book lists (surely the sole purpose of that website) and this came up a few times. I was, for many years, completely disengaged with the political process and the world in general, through some vague and incredibly privileged liberal sense that everything is bad, so who cares? Various factors have led me back to worrying about the world and, subsequently, Marxism, but I am still very inexperienced in reading political theory of any kind and hesitant to [...]

    • Abeer Abdullah said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      Extremely thorough and well written, deals with the question of the state after the revolution, makes distinctions between communists, social democrats and anarchists. Argues that anarchists and communists have the common goal of the abolition of the state, it is simply the methods that they disagree on. Wonderful read, I learned a lot!

    • Stuart said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      If you happen to get the version which has a forward by Richard Pipes, I strongly suggest reading the text of Vladimir Lenin first, maybe Google or some of the historical references, and draw your own conclusion. Richard Pipes is your classical establishment propaganda clerk who's job is to 'help' you see the text the way the State wants you to, that is, defanged of its revolutionary message.Pipes slides in his prejudice hidden by historical facts, intent on having you view this remarkable man [...]

    • محمد وفيق زين العابدين said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      في زيورخ عام 1917 بدأ لينين بكتابة هذا الكتاب تحت اسم (الماركسية والدولة) لينتهي منه في العام التالي في فنلندا تحت اسم (الدولة والثورة)، فيُعيد إحياء تعاليم ماركس الأولى بشأن الموقف من الدولة، وليخرج بفكرة جوهرية عن الثورة هي ضرورة تحطيم جهاز (الدولة)، ففكرة الاستحواذ على هذا ا [...]

    • Laura لاورا said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      Non so se oggi sia rara, ma questa copia "printed in URSS" nel 1947 arrivò tanti anni fa direttamente da Mosca. A detta di mia madre, a cui era stato donato da chi all'epoca andava personalmente in gita in Russia al seguito del PCI, è un gran libro. Chissà se, prima o poi, avrò il coraggio di leggerlo anch'io.

    • Michael said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      This is the famous book in which Lenin asserted (quoting Engels) that “the state will wither away” under Communism, and which is therefore sometimes oddly accused of being “utopian” and “anarchist.” It is neither of these, but it does require some work to parse out.Historically, this essay was written at the moment when Lenin was in exile in Switzerland, after the February, 1917 revolution and before the October revolution which ended with him and his party in power. One would think [...]

    • Eric said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      Being a dirty red, I found it amazing (and surprising) that I had never sat down with this piece. I had read sections in Marxism classes years ago, but it was refreshing to get back into it. Excellent. A must.

    • Lynn Beyrouthy said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      The February Revolution of 1917 goaded the fall of the Romanov dynasty when tsar Nicholas II abdicated, and things started to look surprisingly auspicious for Vladimir Ilich Lenin and his Bolshevik party. However, the Provisional Government of Georgi Lvov, in the midst of the colossal military turmoil of World War I, wasn't particularly sympathetic of Lenin's anti-war stance. After his arrival in Petrograd (to be renamed after him Leningrad), Lenin was falsely accused of being a German agent and [...]

    • Jan-Maat said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      There's an episode of The Simpsons in which an enraged gigantic Lenin smashes out of his tomb and starts stomping on people in Red Square shouting "Crush Capitalism".As far as I can recall this is a surprisingly concise and accurate synopsis of "State and Revolution" (so long as one substitutes the term bourgeoise for capitalism).Presumably in the political context of 1917 this pamphlet urging readers to crush the bourgeoise was an attempt to create clear blue water, or choppy red water, between [...]

    • my name is corey irl said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

    • Theodora said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      Lenin was the one to put the gulag system in place, not Stalin.

    • Pablo said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      Un clásico, no todo lo dicho por Lenin es util ahora, pero hay temas esenciales y trascendentales, que pueden ser aplicados aun hoy.

    • Ibrahim Niftiyev said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      Demokratiya azlığın çoxluğa tabe olması deyil. Demokratiya hakim sinifin aşağı sinifləri istismar etməsi məqsədi ilə azlığın çoxluğa tabe olduğunu qəbul edən dövlətin yaratdığı illüziyadır. "Dövlət və inqilab" əsəri ilə Lenin sinfi cəmiyyətdə baş verən istismarı (proletariat və burjuaziya arasında) "qanun" və "demokratiya" adı altında necə qanuniləşdirdiyini göstərir. Karl Marks və Fredirik Engelsin əsərlərinə əsaslanan Lenin, dövlət adl [...]

    • Elagabaal said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      this was (perhaps unfortunately) the first work of marxist theory i ever read and as such has shaped a lot of my approach to basic political questions. to be fair, lenin provides an introduction to revolutionary theory and the theory of the state that is true enough to marx and engels and is very accessibly written. it covers some very important topics for people new to radical politics- the role of the state as an organ of class rule, the role of police and jails, and perhaps most critically th [...]

    • JP said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      The opening of this book is perhaps the most enlightening thing I’ve ever read on Marxism (I guess technically it’s Marxist-Leninism since here we are reading Lenin). The initial reflection on what the function and the history of the State is in relation to Bourgeois democracy and premodern slave societies is brilliant.I remember reading the Communist Manifesto and being so confused. Everyone had said that Communism was violent, but I had been willing to defend it tooth and nail as peaceful. [...]

    • Operaista said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      If one wants to engage with Lenin, it's important to engage with him at his best. Yes, some of his flaws still shine through (mainly that, due to the class nature of the inner core of the Bolshevik party (a class nature encouraged by the Russian material conditions), Bolshevism was always given to bureaucratisation), but Lenin at his best - and what "could have been", had it not been for the isolation of the revolution and the emergence of the counterrevolution as the degeneration of the Bolshev [...]

    • Johnnie said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      Essential reading for anyone interested in proletarian revolution and its relation to the state. Very well written, inspiring, and certainly has the fire of immediacy stewing in it. You can tell it was written with great energy, probably quickly. The only issue is that sometimes it's repetitive and sometimes Lenin goes into some very historically-rooted discussions that don't have as much relevance as it did when he wrote the book. For instance, he spends a fair amount of time taking Kautsky to [...]

    • Yaser Maadat said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      يظهر لينين في هذا الكتاب نظرته للعلاقة بين الدولة و الثورة من ناحية حتمية اضمحلال الدولة عقب استيلاء البروليتاريا الثورية المسلحة على السلطة بناء على فهمه لآراء ماركس و انجلز،و لكن الظاهر للعيان عبر آراء لينين في هذا الكتاب هو ايمانه المطلق بهذه الحتمية و سعيه لأن ترى النور [...]

    • Nick said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      WellI can see why Rothbard liked it, and reading it gave me new insights into Rothbardian political strategy. However, it also made me feel as though the Soviet Union as it existed was more or less what Lenin was aiming for, and what he describes in this book as the first stage of Communism. It just seems like the results were much different from those he envisioned, and that Communism never progressed to the "higher" stage. Also, lots of crazy sounding claims I've heard made about Lenin are con [...]

    • Aaron Crofut said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      Lenin's books are not worth reading. Calling upon people to destroy the state is easy enough; building up something after that, not so easy. Claiming that people will magically fall in love with laboring for others doesn't actually solve the problem, even if Marx (the great prophet) declared it so. Also, I can't help but mock the "scientific" nature of Lenin's plans. As we all know, Russia was indeed ripe for communism. If only we could all live in a world as good as the Soviet Union! Oh, waitWh [...]

    • Yogy TheBear said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      State and Revolution Lenin Review:The most dangerous lies start with fragments of truth and become full-fledged deceptions.The first thing that striked and shocked me was the initial anti state stance on a correct notion of it as an evil and a monopoly of coercion that today it is found in libertarianism. But here is where the truth stops !!What comes next is a text that resembles the interpretation and explanation of the christian teachings with examples and quotations from The Bible, against a [...]

    • Ufsb said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      "Государство и революция" - работа Ленина, в которой он спорит со Вторым Интернационалом и немецкими социал-демократами вроде Каутского в частности, обвиняя их в "оппортунизме"- отступничестве от идей Маркса и Энгельса или их ревизионизме. Должен сказать, что делает это Лен [...]

    • Chris Radjenovich said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      There are points where I diverge with Lenin and points where I agree with him. The need for some kind of "discipline" and the transitory nature of a state, if it even is transitory (positions opposed by anarchists) are points I have come to recognize, although it makes me uncomfortable. However, I oppose more than ever his unwavering belief in centralism. Although he says the centralization of the proletariat comes from the bottom and not from a source which "imposes itself from above," what cam [...]

    • Mack Hayden said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      It was really interesting getting a glimpse into Lenin's head right around the time of the Russian Revolution. His criticisms of Kautsky were pretty illuminating; it helped clarify what delineated Bolshevism / Leninism from other Marxist ideologies of the time. It's also tragic to think of how much the Soviet Union deviated from the course outlined in this book: there was no withering away of the state as predicted and one wonders how much Lenin believed in the principles set forth here versus h [...]

    • Francisco said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      Un libro bastante útil para entender lo que Lenin entendía como un marxismo puro, el cual él creía que estaba siendo contaminado por gente que él consideraba "oportunistas": Anarquistas y socialdemócratas. Es interesante para entender cuál es la receta marxista "original" o si alguna vez escucharon "marxismo leninismo" y no sabían realmente qué era.

    • Michael said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      drawing heavily on the works of marx and engels, lessons drawn from the paris commune of 1871, and his own experiences from 1905 and 1917, lenin sums up the armed workers' revolution and the dictatorship of the proletariat, and then outlines the eventual withering away of the state in the higher phase of communism. throughout he berates the anarchists and social democrats for their opportunism, philistinism, and vulgarism. for lenin, there was a lot at stake at this historical moment as it was q [...]

    • Eric Phetteplace said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      I always find it a bit preposterous when supposed "historical materialists" use fidelity to Marx and Engels as proof of truth. Isn't that exactly the sort of textual game reserved for postmodernists and literary critics, not historians? Lenin goes about refuting his opponents by repeatedly quoting M&E at length and calling them "philistine" which strikes me as an abject method of argumentation. Similarly, attacking Kautsky and other opportunists is a bit myopic; the book would be more releva [...]

    • C said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      "The state is a product and a manifestation of the irreconcilability of class antagonisms.""Another reason why the omnipotence of wealth is more certain in a democratic republic is that is does not depend on defects in the political machinery or on the faulty political shell of capitalism. A democratic republic is the best possible political shell for capitalism, and, therefore, once capital has gained possession of this very best shell establishes its power so securely, so firmly that no change [...]

    • Mr. said:
      Jul 17, 2018 - 19:31 PM

      Lenin's State and Revolution is the most crucial analysis of the Marxian theory of the state and its relation to class struggle. Lenin was a revolutionary determined to reveal the provisional government's capitulation to the forces of imperialism and to revivify the revolutionary edge of Marxism that "socialists" had attempted to obscure. Lenin writes "According to Marx, the state is an organ of class domination, an organ of oppression of one class by another; its aim is the creation of "order" [...]

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